What is Whole Body Cryotherapy?
Whole Body Cryotherapy was developed by Dr. Yamaguchi, a rheumatoid arthritis doctor in Japan in the late 1970's who started using freezing treatments on his rheumatoid arthritis patient's. He used rapid short term freezing of the skin's surface and found he could significantly reduce the soreness and pain his patient's felt during manipulation of their joints.
Dr. Yamaguchi showed that the benefits of cold did not relate to chilling the underlying tissues. Rather, the benefits correlated with the chilling of the nerves known as thermoreceptors. Thermoreceptors are specialized nerve cells that are able to detect differences in temperature. Temperature is a relative measure of heat present in the environment. Thermoreceptors are able to detect heat and cold and are found throughout the skin in order to allow sensory reception throughout the body. The rapid decrease of temperature of the outer layer of skin also led to the immediate release of endorphin's and therefore less sensitivity to pain.
Dr. Yamaguchi quickly set out to find a method to quickly cool the largest possible amount of skin in the briefest amount of time. Numerous trials led him to the use of Nitrogen gas in dried air. Nitrogen is inert and makes up roughly 80% of our atmosphere. It is the best form to cool quickly and keep a consistent temperature.
Research conducted over the last 2 decades, primarily in Europe, has established therapeutic effectiveness Whole Body Cryotherapy in a wide range of clinical areas listed below:
Assist with Pain Management
Speed Injury Recovery
Other studies include:
Depression & Anxiety